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The clinical definition of Epilepsy according to the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE)2:

  • In more than 24 hours apart, there is at least 2 unprovoked seizures
  • Occurring over the next 10 years,  one unprovoked seizure and a chance of further seizures similar to the general recurrence risk (at least 60%) after two unprovoked seizures
  • Diagnosis of epilepsy  syndrome. Features include :
     - Age at which seizures begin
     - Seizure type
     - EEG findings

Epileptic seizures are syndromes categorized based on the classification developed by the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE).

It is classified into two types:

  • PARTIAL SEIZURE - epilepsy originating from a specific or single side of the brain[2]. It involves a focal seizure activity that may be followed by temporary loss in the person‘s ability to maintain normal contact with the environment.1
  • GENERALIZED SEIZURES - involve the two sides of the brain. There is loss of consciousness and motor manifestations are two-sided.

 

  1. Robert S. Fisher et. al., A practical clinical definition of epilepsy: Epilepsia, 55(4):475–482, 2014
  2. Physician’s Desk Reference 2006-2007 First Edition. Bipolar Disorder Disease Management Guide. 601-605

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