The prostate is a gland located beneath the urinary bladder in males. As men advance in age, the prostate gland usually gets larger, causing a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It is not cancer nor does it have the potential to cause cancer. It is common in aging men-- about half of all men between the ages of 51 and 60 have BPH and up to 90% over age 80 have BPH.1
When the prostate gets larger, it can block the flow of urine through the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder out through the penis), causing problems with urination. The complications of BPH can be serious. If you don’t get treatment for it, BPH can cause bladder, urinary tract, or kidney problems.2 Men with BPH should consult urologists and get proper treatment.
A common symptom of BPH is the need to urinate often. This can be as often as every one to two hours, especially at night.3
Other symptoms include: 3
- A feeling of a full bladder even after urination
- An urge to urinate immediately (urgency)
- Weak urine flow
- Dribbling of urine
- “Stop” and “start” urination (hesitancy)
- Difficulty in starting urination
- Vigorous straining in order to urinate
In severe cases, you might not be able to urinate at all (urinary retention). This is an emergency and must be treated right away. 3
If you experience any of these symptoms it is best to consult your urologist.